The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: A Living Document
Saturday, February 12, 2011
The symposium took place on the campus of the University of Arizona, Tucson, at the Center for English as a Second Language building.
The Aftermath of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Land Adjudication, Citizenship, and Immigration, Dr. LM Garcia y Griego
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo concluded the transfer of a territory, and its peoples, under the sovereignty of the United States. Flows that took place between this region and what was left of northern Mexico suddenly crossed an invisible international boundary, and acquired new politico-legal significance. The Treaty established a new regime for citizenship, migration and property ownership, especially land and water. The adjudication of merced common lands in the nineteenth century and immigration in the twentieth, continue to reverberate in the present. Video podcast and transcript
Between Our Lands: War, Negotiation and Purchase: Native Perspectives of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and Its Effects on the Yaqui People, Daniel Vega and Anabel Galindo
For many, the Mexican-American War/American Intervention can be summed up as a two-sided event, but what is most overlooked and minimized is the voice of indigenous peoples as they witnessed their ancestral lands partitioned and appropriated. In our presentation we will discuss the Yaqui perspective and experience during this period and the challenges that our people have endured under distinct governments. Video podcast and transcript
Abya Yala and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo—The Scars of Colonization: Perspectives on Citizenship, Nationality, Kinship and Territory from the Continental Indigenous Movement of Liberation of Abya Yala, Tupac Enrique Acosta
A review and update on the history and dynamics of the continental resistance to colonization with focus on the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo territories and the current situation of human rights in Arizona. Specific examples include the 1987 intervention by Tonatierra before the United Nations Human Rights Commission and recent interventions before the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. Also included will be a scan of local grassroots resistance organizing, which integrates community empowerment and interdependence from local to regional, to continental, to global scales. Video podcast and transcript
Culturas Fronterizas: Border Zones and Hybrid Identities, Dr. Enrique Lamadrid
The complex and multifaceted cultural legacy of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is in full bloom along the U.S.-Mexico borderlands. Millions of people there negotiate their lives and identities between cultures and languages. The border of barbed wire, cement, steel, and flowing water both divides and unites them. Each border region has its own distinct spirit and imagination. As on the 17th century maps on which they first appeared, the two Californias are in many ways still an island. Arizona is still the Alta Pimería, a cultural extension of Sonora. New Mexico and Chihuahua were founded by the same families and still share many traditions. The same is true for Texas and the states that face it across the Río Bravo. Innovation, tradition, perseverance and survival are the cultural tools of the children of two nations. Video podcast and transcript
Concluding Remarks, Dr. Michael M. Brescia Video podcast and transcript
Danza Azteca-Chichimeca Grupo Xochipilli Centeotl are members of Calpolli Teoxicalli. Calpolli Teoxicalli is a union of families organized through a form of traditional Mexican-Indigenous government who are dedicated to promoting self and cultural awareness and holistic health. Calpolli Teoxicalli is committed to maintaining, protecting, and living the inherited standards, obligations, philosophies, knowledge and cosmovison of the Nican Tlacah (peoples of these lands)
Dr. LM García y Griego is associate professor of history at the University of New Mexico and director of the Southwest Hispanic Research Institute. He also serves as founding director of the UNM Land Grant Studies Program. His research has focused on U.S.-Mexican relations, international migration, and Spanish/Mexican land grants-mercedes. His degrees are in demography and history from Princeton University, El Colegio de México and UCLA. He has taught at El Colegio de México, the University of California, Irvine, and the University of Texas at Arlington before joining UNM in 2006. Dr. García also serves as the president of the Acequia Madre de Carnuel. He is currently conducting a mapping study of the historic and patented boundaries of New Mexico land grants, 1848–1904. García y Griego has co-edited Researching Migration: Stories from the Field (Social Science Research Council, 2007), and co-authored Más allá del río Bravo: Breve historia mexicana del norte de Texas, forthcoming.
Daniel Vega is an enrolled member of the Pascua Yaqui Tribe, born and raised in Tucson. He is the director of the Department of Language and Culture for the Pascua Yaqui Tribe. He holds a bachelor's degree in secondary education, majoring in history, and a master's degree in educational leadership, both from the University of Arizona. The focus of his studies has been on culturally-based education in Native American communities as an effort to promote language and culture.
Anabel Galindo was born and raised in the Coachella Valley in southern California were she double majored in political science and in Native American studies at the UC-Riverside. She moved to Arizona to pursue graduate studies at the University of Arizona where she received an M.A. in Latin American studies with a focus on Yaqui political history. Currently she is working on a Ph.D in history, with a focus on Yaqui history during the revolution and its aftermath. For the past three years she has worked with the Department of Language and Culture at the Pascua Yaqui Tribe to expand, share and preserve the Yoeme language, culture and historical resources for all Yaqui communities.
Tupac Enrique Acosta is a long-time activist for indigenous rights. He is the Nahuatl-Xicano coordinator and founding member of Tonatierra, an indigenous community-based organization in Phoenix, Arizona. He has worked on indigenous issues at the local and international level, bringing attention to humans rights issues. He developed Xinachtli, a cultural curriculum, which has been implemented in area public schools, and created Chantlaca, an indigenous international trade center. At proceedings of the United Nations, he has served as representative of Tlahtokan Aztlan, a traditional council that upholds the sovereignty of the original nations and pueblos of the territory of Aztlan. Through his work with the Confederation of the Eagle and the Condor, he is helping to revitalize the historic and sacred connections between indigenous peoples of the western hemisphere. He also serves as a custodian for the Nahuacalli, Embassy of Indigenous Peoples, which operates as an instrument of communication and coordination of the indigenous peoples movement for self-determination across the continent.
Enrique R. Lamadrid teaches folklore, literature, and cultural history in the University of New Mexico's Department of Spanish and Portuguese, which he chairs. His research interests include ethnopoetics, folklore and music, Chicano literature, contemporary Mexican poetry, and literary translation. His field work centers in NM, but ranges as well into Mexico, Spain, the Andes and the Caribbean. His research on the Indo-Hispanic traditions of New Mexico charts the influence of indigenous cultures on the Spanish language and imagination. His literary writings explore the borderlands between cultures, their natural environments, and between popular traditions and literary expression. Publications include “Hermanitos Comanchitos”: Indo-Hispano Rituals of Captivity and Redemption (Albuquerque: UNM Press, 2003), Nuevo México Profundo: Rituals of an Indo-Hispano Homeland with Miguel Gandert, Ramón Gutiérrez, Lucy Lippard, and Chris Wilson (Santa Fe: Museum of NM Press, 2000), and La Música de los Viejitos: Hispano Folk Music of the Río Grande del Norte with Jack and Katherine Loeffler, recordist and illustrator (Albuquerque: UNM Press, 1999).
Michael M. Brescia is associate curator of ethnohistory in the Arizona State Museum and associate professor of history at the University of Arizona. His research interests include the legacies of Spanish and Mexican water law in the American Southwest and the role of Catholicism in Mexican history. His first book, North America: An Introduction (with John C. Super) was published in 2009 by the University of Toronto Press, while the University of Georgia Press published his second book last year, Mexico and the United States: Ambivalent Vistas (4th edition with W. Dirk Raat).
This program was produced by Lisa Falk, Director of Education, Arizona State Museum, in collaboration with Amistades, Inc., the University of Arizona’s Office of the Vice President for Research, and the University's American Indian Studies department.