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ASM Master Class: The Archaeology of the Point of Pines Region
November 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20, 2020
9:30 a.m. (Arizona time)
taught by Dr. Patrick D. Lyons, Director of the Arizona State Museum and Associate Professor of Anthropology
The Point of Pines region of east-central Arizona (on the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, east of Globe) looms large in syntheses of the archaeology of the US Southwest. It was investigated by Dr. Emil W. Haury, ASM's second Director (1938-1964), who oversaw an archaeological field school based there from 1946 to 1965, following a survey of the area in 1945. At Point of Pines, Haury and his students refined the newly defined Mogollon archaeological culture. They also found robust and compelling evidence of an ancient influx of immigrants from the Kayenta region of far northeastern Arizona and southeastern Utah. Since 2012, a team at ASM, led by Dr. Lyons, has been studying the collections from Point of Pines Pueblo and their associated records in order to shed new light on the immigrant occupation. In this six-session Master Class, Dr. Lyons will tell the story of the Point of Pines field school, placing the results of Haury and his students' work, more than 60 years ago, in the context of what archaeologists know today.
Session 1: An Introduction to the Point of Pines Archaeological Field School
This overview of the 1945-1960 archaeological investigations in the Point of Pines region will serve to orient students to the local geography, introduce key archaeological concepts, and provide students with an understanding of the local phase chronology. Special foci will include Emil Haury and the Mogollon archaeological culture. 70 min plus Q&A
Session 2: The Mogollon Archaeological Culture and the Record at Point of Pines
This session focuses on the importance of the work at Point of Pines in supporting the validity of and refining the Mogollon concept. Key topics to be addressed include the controversy associated with Haury's definition of a Mogollon archaeological culture, the ways in which the fieldwork at Point of Pines built upon Haury's earlier work (particularly at Forestdale, in the context of a previous ASM/UA field school), and Joe Ben Wheat's magnum opus that synthesized Mogollon archaeology based on insights derived from his work at Point of Pines. 70 min plus Q&A
Session 3: Haury's Inferences About Kayenta Immigrants at Point of Pines Pueblo
In 1958, Emil Haury published a paper about Point of Pines Pueblo that has become the US Southwest's classic case study in how to reliably infer ancient migrations. This session will recount Haury's conclusions, including his inference that deadly conflict erupted between members of the local population at Point of Pines and the immigrants from the Kayenta region, as well as the process by which he came to them. 70 min plus Q&A
Session 4: The Kayenta Presence at Point of Pines Revisited
Newly compiled data, to be featured in a book now being written, lend strong support to many of Haury's conclusions of more than 60 years ago and cast doubt on others. A key focus of discussion will be the burning of a portion of Point of Pines Pueblo, previously interpreted as evidence of prehispanic violence and now understood as an act of ritual decommissioning. 70 min plus Q&A
Session 5: The Kayenta Diaspora and the Salado Phenomenon
The purpose of this session is to place the immigrant occupation at Point of Pines within the larger context of the diaspora from the Kayenta region. Key foci will include comparisons of the archaeology of Point of Pines with data from the San Pedro Valley, the Safford Basin, and other areas with robust evidence of Kayenta immigrants, and links between northern immigrants and the origin and spread of Roosevelt Red Ware (Salado polychrome pottery). 70 min plus Q&A
Session 6: The Point of Pines Phase
This session addresses the final prehispanic interval in the Point of Pines region's phase sequence, ending sometime between A.D. 1400 and 1450. The discussion will emphasize the proper chronological placement of the phase and tantalizing clues suggesting connections between these latest prehispanic occupants of the Arizona mountains and the Zuni of west-central New Mexico. 70 min plus Q&A
$120 ASM members
$170 non members
Amount paid over $70 is a tax-deductible gift
Proceeds support Dr. Lyons's continuing research
REGISTRATION OPENING SOON
Raymond H. Thompson and Jay Rowen excavate a painted stone slab bearing katsina imagery from Room 19 at AZ W:10:51, Point of Pines region, east-central Arizona, 1947. ASM Negative No. 1976. Photographer unknown.
Painted stone slab bearing katsina imagery recovered from AZ W:10:51, Point of Pines region, east-central Arizona. ASM Catalog No. A-5303. Jannelle Weakly, photographer, 2011.