Online Learning Resources

April 2021

Use and enjoy these online materials developed by the Arizona State Museum (ASM) related to the Indigenous peoples of U.S. Southwest and northwest Mexico, as well as Mexican-U.S. borderlands history.



Muse2You! virtual exhibit tours about O'odham and Yaqui (for grades 3-6)

Muse2You! virtual exhibit tours about O'odham and Yaqui (for grades 3-6) Learn More

Maps of ancient and modern-day Indigenous groups in Arizona
Students can identify the 22 federally recognized tribes of Arizona today and look at the cultural groupings of Indigenous peoples in Arizona 700 years ago (1300 CE). Learn More

Paths of Life: American Indians of the U.S. Southwest and Northwest Mexico

A quick way for students to learn the history of tribal cultural groups in Arizona and northwest Mexico.

One-page background sheets on 10 tribal cultural groups

Introductory Video to the Paths of Life exhibit

Virtual Reality Tour of the Path of Life exhibit

Photos of Yaqui People from the Edward Spicer Collection

Photos of Maricopa People by Daniel Boone Linderman

Photos of Tohono O’odham People by Rosamond Spicer

Photos of Tohono O’odham People by Helga Teiwes

Photos from the Wetherill Family Collection

Photos from the Forman Hanna Collection 

Yaqui Musical Instrument Lotería Game

Students will become familiar with musical instruments used for Yaqui celebrations and ceremonies. Download boards and cards for this tri-lingual (Yaqui, English, Spanish) “bingo” game. Included are fully colored boards and cards, as well as a set that can be colored once downloaded. There is also a PDF giving the history of lotería and instructions for playing the game. Learn More

Yaqui Masks from ASM’s James S. Griffith Collection

Students can learn about Yaqui masks—their history, symbolism, and how they are made—through images and background materials. Learn More




American Indian Artists, In Their Own Words

Herbert Ben (Navajo, sandpainting)

Sally Black (Navajo, basket weaving)

Rachel Espinosa (Salt River Pima-Maricopa, painting)

Upton Ethelbah (White Mountain Apache and Santa Clara Pueblo, sculpture)

Susan Folwell (Santa Clara Pueblo, pottery)

Jeremy Johns (O’odham, basket weaving)

Terrol Dew Johnson (Tohono O’odham, basket weaving)

Jessica Lomatewama (Hopi, basket weaving)

Annie Manuel (Tohono O’odham, pottery)

Adrian “Admo” Morris (Navajo and Laguna, print making)

Shelden Nunez-Velarde (Jicarilla Apache, pottery and basket weaving)

Barbara Teller Ornelas (Navajo, textile weaving)

Allenroy Paquin (Jicarilla Apache and Zuni, jewelry)

Dino Patterson (Hopi sculptor)

Harrison Preston (Tohono O’odham, basket weaving)

Gerry Quotskuyva (Hopi, carving, sculpture, multi-media)

Marilyn Ray (Acoma, pottery)

Matagi Sorensen (Yavapai-Apache fine-art jewelry artist)

Gwen Setalla (Hopi, pottery)

Kathy Vance (Tohono O’odham and San Carlos Apache, pottery)

American Indian Basketry

Virtual Reality tour of Woven Through Time: American Treasures of Native Basketry and Fiber Art

Woven Through Time exhibit video about basketmaking traditions including harvesting of materials

Arizona Native Basketry Traditions

Hopi Basketry: Selections from ASM’s Finger Collection

Photos of Hopi Basket Weavers by Helga Teiwes

Split-twig Animal Activity: Video Activity Sheet

American Indian Painting

Selections from ASM’s Avery Collection of American Indian Paintings, 1935-1990

American Indian Pottery

Virtual Reality tour of ASM’s Pottery Vault

Virtual Reality Tour of The Pottery Project exhibit

Life of a Hopi Pot video (from excavation to curation)

Hopi Pottery: Nampeyo Showcase

Watercolor paintings of Maricopa pottery 

Navajo Weaving

History of Navajo Weaving with Dr. Ann Lane Hedlund

A Loom with a View: Modern Navajo Weavers

Video Interview with Master Weaver Barbara Teller Ornelas



It’s Up 2 You!, a digital comic book
Students will learn about making healthy choices for living through the lives of these comic book characters. They can read the comic book in English or listen to the characters speaking Tohono O’odham, Spanish, or English. Learn More

Saguaro Harvesting with Stella Tucker 

Tohono O’odham Community Action Y.O.U.T.H. on Health, Family and Community

Traditional Tohoho O'odham Foodways

The Resiliency of Hopi Agriculture: 2,000 Years of Planting – English closed captioned

The Resiliency of Hopi Agriculture: 2,000 Years of Planting – English with Spanish subtitles (La longevidad de la agricultura de los Hopis)




Dressed to Express: Exploring Dress, Culture and Identity in American Indian Objects and Dress Curriculum Module

By doing the activities in this unit, students build research, observation, and analysis skills, as well as develop respect for different people’s expressions of and ownership of identity. The exercises focus on three contemporary Indigenous artists’ works that reflect their cultural identity and the environment where they live. Learn More

Photo ID: Portraits by Native Youth

An online exhibit that asks students to consider how we construct identity. They will learn about how Native peoples have been represented historically by non-Native photographers, such as Edward S. Curtis, and will see contemporary photographs by Native youth. More recently photography has been used as a social justice tool by youth and other groups to establish and express their own identities. Students will be invited to create their own portraits in response to the exhibit. Learn More



Indigenous Mexican Textile Weavers from ASM’s Cordry Collection

Become familiar with Indigenous Mexican textiles and tools used by the weavers through these historic photographs from the Donald B. Cordry Collection. Learn More

What Would Frida Wear?

Learn about Indigenous Mexican textiles that were often worn by the iconic Mexican artist, Frida Kahlo. Students will enjoy dressing Frida in traditional huipils and quechquemitls.

Introduction and Brief Biography

About Mexican Textiles

Download a Frida Paper Doll and Clothing



The Mexican Revolution and Beyond (videos from a 2009 symposium)

Honorable Juan Manuel Calderón-Jaimes, Consul of Mexico (Tucson), discusses the exhibit, Mexico, the Revolution and Beyond: The Casasola Archives, 1900-1940. In Spanish. 

Ten Days That Shook the World—The First Time: The Casasola Archives and the First Social Revolution by Dr. William Beezley

Reading Casasolas Photographs as Visual Documents by Cass Fey

Documenting the Mexican Revolution: Casasola and Corridos by Dr. Celestino Fernandez with Guillermo Saenz

The Mexican Revolution: 1810, 1910, 2010? by Dr. Roberto Cintli Rodríguez



Explore Border Walls using Visual Literacy and Creative Writing Activities

Hopi Clan Migrations: Coming to and Leaving Homol'ovi (7 min 15 sec)
Hopi elders tell stories about early Hopi clan migrations into and out of Homol’ovi, a site along the Little Colorado River occupied from (1260-1400 AD). Many clans at Hopi today trace their roots to these migrations. Learn More

U.S. Immigration

U.S. Immigration: Linking Past to Present Video: Students will learn about the history of U.S. immigration policies from colonial times to 2016.
Timeline: An annotated timeline of immigration policies from colonial times to 2016
Discussion Guide: Use this discussion guide to facilitate a class discussion related to the video or for writing assignments. Also included are links to organizations working on issues related to immigration and migration.

Protecting Tribal Lands and Sacred Places: A presentation by the Honorable Ned Norris, Jr., Chairman of the Tohono O'odham Nation, part of Arizona State Museum's 2020 "Border Barriers: History and Impact" series of talks about the history and impact of border barriers on people and the environment.

Massive Fortification of the U.S. Border: A Modern History: Todd Miller, journalist/writer, addresses the U.S. border wall's history and border-enforcement practices, and discusses how these have affected the U.S./Mexico divide.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: A Living Document (videos from a 2014 symposium)

Between Our Lands: War, Negotiation and Purchase Perspectives of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and Its Effects on the Yaqui People by Daniel Vega and Anabel Galindo
Culturas Fronterizas: Border Zones and Hybrid Identities by Dr. Enrique Lamadrid
The Aftermath of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Land Adjudication, Citizenship and Immigration, a discussion by Dr. L.M. Garcia y Griego
Abya Yala and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo—The Scars of Colonization by Tupac Enrique Acosta
Concluding Remarks by Dr. Michael Brescia




American Treasures at the Arizona State Museum

Ancestral Pueblo Flutes from Broken Flute Cave

Early Southwest Archaeology at Point of Pines

Excavations at Homolovi State Park

Experimental Archaeology at Homol'ovi: Fire Investigation

Mission Guevavi Field School 2015 with Dr. Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman