Online Learning Resources
Use and enjoy these online materials developed by the Arizona State Museum (ASM) related to the Indigenous peoples of U.S. Southwest and northwest Mexico, as well as Mexican-U.S. borderlands history.
AMERICAN INDIAN CULTURE AND HISTORY
Muse2You! virtual exhibit tours about O'odham and Yaqui (for grades 3-6)
Maps of ancient and modern-day Indigenous groups in Arizona
Students can identify the 22 federally recognized tribes of Arizona today and look at the cultural groupings of Indigenous peoples in Arizona 700 years ago (1300 CE).
Paths of Life: American Indians of the U.S. Southwest and Northwest Mexico
A quick way for students to learn the history of tribal cultural groups in Arizona and northwest Mexico.
One-page background sheets on 10 tribal cultural groups
Introductory Video to the Paths of Life exhibit
Virtual Reality Tour of the Path of Life exhibit
Photos of Yaqui People from the Edward Spicer Collection
Photos of Maricopa People by Daniel Boone Linderman
Photos of Tohono O’odham People by Rosamond Spicer
Photos of Tohono O’odham People by Helga Teiwes
Photos from the Wetherill Family Collection
Photos from the Forman Hanna Collection
Yaqui Musical Instrument Lotería Game
Students will become familiar with musical instruments used for Yaqui celebrations and ceremonies. Download boards and cards for this tri-lingual (Yaqui, English, Spanish) “bingo” game. Included are fully colored boards and cards, as well as a set that can be colored once downloaded. There is also a PDF giving the history of lotería and instructions for playing the game.
Yaqui Masks from ASM’s James S. Griffith Collection
Students can learn about Yaqui masks—their history, symbolism, and how they are made—through images and background materials.
AMERICAN INDIAN ART
American Indian Artists, In Their Own Words
Herbert Ben (Navajo, sandpainting)
Sally Black (Navajo, basket weaving)
Rachel Espinosa (Salt River Pima-Maricopa, painting)
Upton Ethelbah (White Mountain Apache and Santa Clara Pueblo, sculpture)
Susan Folwell (Santa Clara Pueblo, pottery)
Jeremy Johns (O’odham, basket weaving)
Terrol Dew Johnson (Tohono O’odham, basket weaving)
Jessica Lomatewama (Hopi, basket weaving)
Annie Manuel (Tohono O’odham, pottery)
Adrian “Admo” Morris (Navajo and Laguna, print making)
Shelden Nunez-Velarde (Jicarilla Apache, pottery and basket weaving)
Barbara Teller Ornelas (Navajo, textile weaving)
Allenroy Paquin (Jicarilla Apache and Zuni, jewelry)
Dino Patterson (Hopi sculptor)
Harrison Preston (Tohono O’odham, basket weaving)
Gerry Quotskuyva (Hopi, carving, sculpture, multi-media)
Marilyn Ray (Acoma, pottery)
Matagi Sorensen (Yavapai-Apache fine-art jewelry artist)
Gwen Setalla (Hopi, pottery)
Kathy Vance (Tohono O’odham and San Carlos Apache, pottery)
American Indian Basketry
Virtual Reality tour of Woven Through Time: American Treasures of Native Basketry and Fiber Art
Woven Through Time exhibit video about basketmaking traditions including harvesting of materials
Arizona Native Basketry Traditions
Hopi Basketry: Selections from ASM’s Finger Collection
Photos of Hopi Basket Weavers by Helga Teiwes
American Indian Painting
Selections from ASM’s Avery Collection of American Indian Paintings, 1935-1990
American Indian Pottery
Virtual Reality tour of ASM’s Pottery Vault
Virtual Reality Tour of The Pottery Project exhibit
Life of a Hopi Pot video (from excavation to curation)
Hopi Pottery: Nampeyo Showcase
Watercolor paintings of Maricopa pottery
History of Navajo Weaving with Dr. Ann Lane Hedlund
A Loom with a View: Modern Navajo Weavers
Video Interview with Master Weaver Barbara Teller Ornelas
HEALTH AND AGRICULTURE
It’s Up 2 You!, a digital comic book
Students will learn about making healthy choices for living through the lives of these comic book characters. They can read the comic book in English or listen to the characters speaking Tohono O’odham, Spanish, or English.
Saguaro Harvesting with Stella Tucker
Tohono O’odham Community Action Y.O.U.T.H. on Health, Family and Community
Traditional Tohoho O'odham Foodways
The Resiliency of Hopi Agriculture: 2,000 Years of Planting – English closed captioned
The Resiliency of Hopi Agriculture: 2,000 Years of Planting – English with Spanish subtitles (La longevidad de la agricultura de los Hopis)
Dressed to Express: Exploring Dress, Culture and Identity in American Indian Objects and Dress Curriculum Module
By doing the activities in this unit, students build research, observation, and analysis skills, as well as develop respect for different people’s expressions of and ownership of identity. The exercises focus on three contemporary Indigenous artists’ works that reflect their cultural identity and the environment where they live.
Photo ID: Portraits by Native Youth
An online exhibit that asks students to consider how we construct identity. They will learn about how Native peoples have been represented historically by non-Native photographers, such as Edward S. Curtis, and will see contemporary photographs by Native youth. More recently photography has been used as a social justice tool by youth and other groups to establish and express their own identities. Students will be invited to create their own portraits in response to the exhibit.
MEXICAN INDIGENOUS TEXTILE TRADITIONS
Indigenous Mexican Textile Weavers from ASM’s Cordry Collection
Become familiar with Indigenous Mexican textiles and tools used by the weavers through these historic photographs from the Donald B. Cordry Collection.
What Would Frida Wear?
Learn about Indigenous Mexican textiles that were often worn by the iconic Mexican artist, Frida Kahlo. Students will enjoy dressing Frida in traditional huipils and quechquemitls.
Introduction and Brief Biography
About Mexican Textiles
Download a Frida Paper Doll and Clothing
The Mexican Revolution and Beyond (videos from a 2009 symposium)
Honorable Juan Manuel Calderón-Jaimes, Consul of Mexico (Tucson), discusses the exhibit, Mexico, the Revolution and Beyond: The Casasola Archives, 1900-1940. In Spanish. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rslpaXcDR0U
Ten Days That Shook the World—The First Time: The Casasola Archives and the First Social Revolution by Dr. William Beezley
Reading Casasolas Photographs as Visual Documents by Cass Fey
Documenting the Mexican Revolution: Casasola and Corridos by Dr. Celestino Fernandez with Guillermo Saenz
The Mexican Revolution: 1810, 1910, 2010? by Dr. Roberto Cintli Rodríguez
MIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION HISTORY
Hopi Clan Migrations: Coming to and Leaving Homol'ovi (7 min 15 sec)
Hopi elders tell stories about early Hopi clan migrations into and out of Homol’ovi, a site along the Little Colorado River
occupied from (1260-1400 AD). Many clans at Hopi today trace their roots to these migrations.
U.S. Immigration: Linking Past to Present Video: Students will learn about the history of U.S. immigration policies
from colonial times to 2016.
Timeline: An annotated timeline of immigration policies from colonial times to 2016
Discussion Guide: Use this discussion guide to facilitate a class discussion related to the video or for writing assignments.
Also included are links to organizations working on issues related to immigration and migration.
Protecting Tribal Lands and Sacred Places: A presentation by the Honorable Ned Norris, Jr., Chairman of the Tohono
O'odham Nation, part of Arizona State Museum's 2020 "Border Barriers: History and Impact" series of talks about the
history and impact of border barriers on people and the environment.
Massive Fortification of the U.S. Border: A Modern History: Todd Miller, journalist/writer, addresses the U.S. border
wall's history and border-enforcement practices, and discusses how these have affected the U.S./Mexico divide.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: A Living Document (videos from a 2014 symposium)
Between Our Lands: War, Negotiation and Purchase Perspectives of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and
Its Effects on the Yaqui People by Daniel Vega and Anabel Galindo
Culturas Fronterizas: Border Zones and Hybrid Identities by Dr. Enrique Lamadrid
The Aftermath of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Land Adjudication, Citizenship and Immigration,
a discussion by Dr. L.M. Garcia y Griego
Abya Yala and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo—The Scars of Colonization by Tupac Enrique Acosta
Concluding Remarks by Dr. Michael Brescia
American Treasures at the Arizona State Museum
Ancestral Pueblo Flutes from Broken Flute Cave
Early Southwest Archaeology at Point of Pines
Excavations at Homolovi State Park
Experimental Archaeology at Homol'ovi: Fire Investigation
Mission Guevavi Field School 2015 with Dr. Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman
The Medallion Papers: a series of 39 publications issued between 1928-1950 by the Gila Pueblo Archaeological Foundation
The National Impact of the Stanley J. Olsen Laboratory of Zooarchaeology